Why Australia has a lot of air pollution in the South Pacific
The South Pacific is one of the world’s largest and most densely populated areas, home to some of the most polluted countries in the world.
While Australia’s air pollution levels are not as bad as some of its neighbours, it’s a far cry from the level of the United States and Canada, which account for roughly half of Australia’s total air pollution.
And it’s not just pollution levels that are high.
Australia is also the world leader in the number of air quality advisories issued per year, according to the latest figures from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
Australia’s pollution levels in the Pacific are not far behind the United Kingdom and Canada.
According to the Bureau, the country has about one air pollution advisory every five days, with some areas having up to 10 advisories in a year.
These advisories are issued when there is a potential for a major problem, such as a hazardous chemical spill.
While these advisories often lead to a temporary closure, they can also lead to longer-term closures.
“There are often longer-lasting impacts,” says Dr Peter Aylward, the bureau’s director of environmental science and sustainability.
“In some cases they can be quite long-lasting, like a refinery spill, which may lead to closure for years or even decades.”
One of the biggest impacts of pollution Australia’s water pollution is a concern that it can trigger severe damage to crops.
In addition to its air pollution, Australia has the highest levels of nitrates in the region.
This is due to the fact that the soil there contains high levels of plant-based nitrate-containing substances, including nitrate, phosphate, and ammonium, which have been linked to cancer.
Nitrate has also been found in the soil of the South East Asian nation of Papua New Guinea.
Nitrates in Australia can be found in soil as low as 1,000ppm.
This levels is higher than most of the rest of the developed world.
In contrast, some of Australias other major sources of pollution are nitrogen oxides, including benzene, toluene, and carbon monoxide.
“The problem is there’s a lot more of the oxides in the ground than we thought,” says Aylwards.
“It’s not that we don’t know what they are or that they don’t exist, it just takes a lot longer to find them.”
And Australia’s nitrogen oxide pollution is also highly concentrated in some regions, which can have long-term consequences for human health.
“A lot of the nitrogen oxids we see in Australia are being produced by our agricultural sector,” says Andrew Kiley, a senior scientist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology at the University of New South Wales.
“We’re seeing a lot from the agricultural sector that we have to be careful with.”
While the most dangerous pollutants in Australia, such toluenes and nitrogen oxates, are concentrated in parts of the country, a number of other contaminants are found throughout the country.
These include phthalates, lead, and heavy metals such as mercury.
Phthalates are commonly found in many plastics, and can be a concern for children.
Aylsward says that in addition to the pollutants found in Australian soil, pollution is present in other parts of Australia.
“Australia’s environmental problems are compounded by its reliance on coal and other fossil fuels for electricity generation,” he says.
“As a result, there are significant amounts of pollution that is produced in the country’s coal mines and oilfields.”
It’s estimated that between 1 and 3.8 million tonnes of coal, iron ore, and gold are produced and stored in Australia’s coal-fired power stations, and some of this waste can be dumped in nearby waterways.
“These are huge polluters and have a very large footprint,” says Kiley.
“So if you are going to dump these waste in the local waterways, you are putting it into the local rivers and streams and then into the ocean.
And then the ocean itself is where the waste ends up.”
The Australian Bureau’s new report on the health effects of air pollutants in the Asia-Pacific states that there are three areas where Australia has more pollution than its neighbours: the Pacific region, the Atlantic region, and the Indian Ocean.
This suggests that, overall, Australia’s environmental footprint is significantly larger than its neighbors.
“Our findings highlight the need to look at the regional distribution of air and water pollution in order to address the health implications of the region,” says Peter Aymers, an associate professor at the Australian National University.
“If we are to reduce the impact of pollution in these regions, we need to start from a much higher base.”
The report also found that while there were many air pollution advisories on the books in the Southern Hemisphere, the Pacific was the only region where air pollution was higher than in the rest.
“Although the South-East Asian